What is Viruses, Worms, Ransomware, Phishing, Trojans, Spyware, Spam etc.?

Viruses, Worms, Ransomware, Trojans, Bots, Malware, Spyware, Adware,Spam,Phishing etc..
All is this small malware program or script written by hackers to harms computer system or purpose to getting sensitive information from computer.
Malware can be in many forms…..

Virus

malware virus
Virus is a program written for enter to computer and damage files or data. It may be corrupt or delete data from your computer.
Viruses also have the ability to replicate themselves, but they do damage files on the computer they attack.
Viruses can be enter in your computer as an attachment of images, greeting, audio, video files etc.
Viruses also enters through downloads on the Internet, they can be hidden in a free or trial version software or other files that you download. So before you download anything from internet be sure about it first.
 

Worms

what_is_a_worm malware
Worms are malware computer programs which have the ability to replicate themselves. 
Worms generally are little programs that run in the background of your system. that make copies of themselves again and again on the local drive, share networks etc.
The only purpose of the worm is to reproduce itself again and again and engage your hard drive . It doesn’t harm any data/file on the computer.
 

Spyware

spyware malware
Spyware is a type of program that is installed with or without your permission on your personal computers to collect information about users, their computer or browsing habits tracks each and everything records that you do without your knowledge and send it to remote user. 
Spyware is typically hidden from the user and can be difficult to detect.
Spyware can collect almost any type of data, including personal information like internet surfing habits, user logins, and bank or credit account information.
Some spyware can change computer settings, which can result in slow internet connection speeds, unauthorized changes in browser settings, or changes to software settings. 
 

Phishing

phishing malware
Phishing is the attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details, often for malicious reasons.
They do by sending e-mails or creating web pages that are designed to collect an individual’s online bank, credit card, or other login information. Because these e-mails and web pages look like legitimate companies users trust them and enter their personal information on a fake website.
 

Ransomware

ransomware malwarre
Lately a very popular way for Internet criminals to make money.
This malware alters your system in such a way that you’re unable to get into it normally. It will then display some kind of screen that demands some form of payment to have the computer unlocked.
Access to your computer is literally ransomed by the cyber-criminal.
Ransomware malware can be spread through malicious email attachments, infected software apps, infected external storage devices and compromised websites.
 

Trojans

trojan malware
A Trojan horse is not a virus or worms. It is a destructive program that looks as a genuine application.
Trojan horses do not replicate themselves but they can be just as destructive.
Trojans also open a backdoor entry to your computer which gives malicious users/programs access to your system, allowing confidential and personal information to be theft.
 
 

Bots

bots virus
Bots are automated processes that are designed to interact over the internet without the need of human interaction. They can be used for good and bad intentions. 
An evil-minded person can create a malicious Bot that is capable of infecting the host device.
A bot’s skills include stealing passwords, logging keystrokes, analyzing network traffic, relay spam, launching DoS (Denial of Service) attacks, and opening backdoors on infected hosts.
 

Adware

Adware malware
Adware are used to display advertisements on your computer’s desktop or inside individual programs.
They generally come attached with free-to-use software or tools.
They are the primary source of revenue for the developers of those software programs.
They have no intention to harm your machine, they only track what advertisements you’re more interested in viewing and display the relevant ads on your computer screen. 
 

Spam

spam_email_screen malware
You get very irritated when you receive unwanted emails from unknown senders; these are called Spams or junk emails. And the process of flooding the internet with the same message is called Spamming.
Most spam is for the purpose of commercial advertising.
These junk emails may sometimes contain Viruses or Trojans that enter your system as soon as you open the mail.
 

Why people create malware?

After reading all this, you might be thinking why people create malware. Obviously, there are good and bad people on our earth. Here are some reasons which might compel a coder to write malware programs:

  • Take control of a person’s computer for personal or professional reasons.
  • To get financial benefits.
  • To take down an individual computer or a complete network.
  • To steal confidential data.
  • To prove their point. For instance, by performing a security breach on a vulnerable system.

How can you protect your computer from malware?

  • Keep your system up to date.
  • Use genuine software.
  • Install an antivirus software and update it regularly.
  • Set-up a firewall, may it be custom as provided by antivirus software. Windows has an inbuilt firewall option in case you don’t want to use a custom firewall.
  • Never open unknown emails that generally reside in your Spam folder.
  • Never open unknown links, use online website safety checker tools if you’re not sure to open a website.

 

Please Note:
The Dangers of Hacking…

Our teams can not support any illegal activities in any situation, If you see any article related to hacking on my site then it is only for education purposes.

Types of hacking articles, hacking tools, work can help you to find out any type of weaknesses in your network or computer for testing purpose only should not be used against anyone. This kind of activity is illegal in almost all the countries so using it to launch for attacks can land you in jail.

We hope that this list was helpful in some way and improvement your knowledge that you have been able to learn a thing.

12 Replies to “What is Viruses, Worms, Ransomware, Phishing, Trojans, Spyware, Spam etc.?”

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