What is Ethical Hacking | Introduction to Ethical Hacking | CEH Certificate


Ethical Hacking is also known as Penetration Testing, intrusion testing etc. It refers to the identifying weaknesses and vulnerabilities of computer systems or computer networks to exploit its weaknesses to protect computer systems or network from themselves against such attacks and actions of malicious Hackers.
Ethical hacking is considered legal because the actions are used to increase the security of computer systems.
According to the EC-Council, the ethical hacking definition is “an individual who is usually employed with an organization and who can be trusted to undertake an attempt to penetrate networks and/or computer systems using the same methods and techniques as a malicious hacker.”

Who is an Ethical Hacker-:

An ethical hacker is a computer and networking expert who finds and exploits the weakness in computer systems or networks to fix the identified weaknesses and improve security of computer systems or networks.
They may also perform penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments. they always try to protect company or origination computer data.
An ethical hacker may also employ other social engineering techniques like shoulder surfing to gain access to crucial information or play the kindness card to trick employees to part with their passwords.
An ethical hacker Bypassing and cracking wireless encryption, Sniffing networks, and hijacking web servers and web applications.

Why are important to ethical hacking-:

Computers have become mandatory to run a successful businesses. they need to be networked to facilitate communication with external businesses.
This successful companies doesn’t want to exposes their privacy, invention, ideas, corporate data, etc outside of world.
And do not also want to damaging the system, blocking network communication, etc
They needed to hire ethical hacker to protect their networks from attackers and crackers.
Ethical hackers regularly finds out weaknesses and vulnerabilities in computer systems and networks to fix the identified weaknesses and improve security of computer systems or networks.
Ethical hacking puts them a step ahead of the cyber criminals who would otherwise lead to loss of business.

Who should be an ethical hacker?

As with any profession, passion for the industry is one of the key aspects to success. This combined with a good knowledge of networking and programming, will help a professional succeed in the ethical hacking field.
For security professionals, forensic analysts, intrusion analysts, and most importantly—people aspiring to enter these fields—the CEH V9 is an obvious choice.
Many IT companies have made CEH certification a compulsory qualification for security-related posts making it a go-to certification for security professionals.

Types of Ethical Hacking-:

1. White Hat
2. Black Hat
3. Grey Hat
4. Red Hat
5. Green Hat
6. Blue Hat
7. Script Kiddie
8. Hacktivist
9. Phreaker
Read more: 9 Types of Hackers You Should Know About

Best Hacking Tools-:

1. Metasploit
2. Nmap
3. Nessus
4. Wireshark
5. John the Ripper
6. Social-Engineer Toolkit
7. oclHashcat
8. Maltego
9. Acunetix WVS
10. Netsparker
We have explains this list of top hacking tools with their best features, supported platform and download links.
Read more: Top 10 Best Hacking Tools For Windows, Linux and Mac OS X

Common Hacking Techniques-:

It is also important to know some of the hacking techniques, that are commonly used to get your personal information in an unauthorized way.
1. Phishing
2. Keylogging
3. Virus, Trojan, Malware etc.
4. Denial of Service (DoS\DDoS)
5. Waterhole attacks
6. Eavesdropping (Passive Attacks)
7. ClickJacking Attacks
8. SQL Injection
9. Fake WAP
10. Cookie theft
11. Bait and switch
12. Man in the Middle
13. Brute Forcing
14. DNS Poisoning


  • Finally Ethical hacking is considered legal because the actions are used to increase the security of a computer system.
  • it is one of the demanding jobs available in the IT industry.
  • There are several companies, that hire ethical hackers for penetration testing and vulnerability assessments.
Please Note:
The Dangers of Hacking…

Our teams can not support any illegal activities in any situation, If you see any article related to hacking on my site then it is only for education purposes.

Types of hacking articles, hacking tools, work can help you to find out any type of weaknesses in your network or computer for testing purpose only should not be used against anyone. This kind of activity is illegal in almost all the countries so using it to launch for attacks can land you in jail.

We hope that this list was helpful in some way and improvement your knowledge that you have been able to learn a thing.

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